A chalazion, also known as a stye, is a clogged oil gland in the eyelid. When this gland becomes infected it is called a hordeolum. A hordeolum is often red and painful and lasts up to seven days. After this “infectious phase”, a bump is left behind made up of swollen tissue and inflammatory material. Treatment is conservative at first, starting with warm compress with massage, lid scrubs, and sometimes oral antibiotics. If the chalazion persists, steroid can be injected or the bump can be drained. All doctors at OEI are experienced with these chalazion treatment options and will help to decide the best course of action for you.
There are two types of blepharitis. Seborrheic blepharitis is often part of an overall skin condition called seborrhea, which may also affect the scalp, chest, back and the area behind the ears.
The second form of blepharitis – staph blepharitis – is a more common condition, caused by bacteria, that begins in childhood and may continue through adulthood.
Hormones, nutrition, general physical condition, and even stress may contribute to seborrheic blepharitis. Build-ups of naturally occurring bacteria contribute to staph blepharitis.
Blepharitis could be described as dandruff of the eyelids. Seborrheic blepharitis causes redness of the eyelids, flaking and scaling of the eyelashes, and greasy, waxy scales. Staph blepharitis also causes redness of the eyelid margins and flaking of the lashes, and can cause loss of eyelashes, eyelid scarring, and red eye.
Eyelid scrubs with baby shampoo or a specially formulated cleaner can reduce the symptoms of blepharitis. Application of hot packs to the eyes daily can also help. Staph blepharitis may also require antibiotic drops or ointments. The use of artificial tears is often helpful to relieve associated discomfort or dryness.